3-D 10-Node Tetrahedral Electric Solid

Compatible Products: – | – | – | Enterprise | Ent PP | Ent Solver | –

SOLID232 Element Description

SOLID232 is a 3-D, 10-node, current-based electric element. It is well suited to model irregular meshes (such as produced from various CAD/CAM systems). The element has one degree of freedom, voltage, at each node.

This element is based on the electric scalar potential formulation and it is applicable to the following low frequency electric field analyses: steady-state electric conduction, time-harmonic quasistatic and transient quasistatic. See SOLID232 - 3-D 10-Node Tetrahedral Electric Solid in the Mechanical APDL Theory Reference for more details about this element.

Figure 232.1:  SOLID232 Geometry

SOLID232 Geometry

SOLID232 Input Data

The geometry, node locations, and the coordinate system for this element are shown in Figure 232.1: SOLID232 Geometry. The element is defined by 10 node points and the material properties. The type of units (MKS or user defined) is specified through the EMUNIT command. EMUNIT also determines the value of EPZRO. The EMUNIT defaults are MKS units and EPZRO = 8.854 x 10-12 Farad/meter.

Orthotropic material directions correspond to the element coordinate directions. The element coordinate system orientation is as described in Coordinate Systems. Properties not input default as described in the Material Reference.

Nodal loads are defined with the D (Lab = VOLT) and F (Lab = AMPS) commands. The temperature (for material property evaluation only) body loads may be input based on their value at the element's nodes or as a single element value [BF, BFE]. In general, unspecified nodal values of temperatures default to the uniform value specified with the BFUNIF or TUNIF commands.

A summary of the element input is given in "SOLID232 Input Summary". A general description of element input is given in Element Input.

SOLID232 Input Summary


I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R

Degrees of Freedom


Real Constants


Material Properties



Surface Loads


Body Loads
Temperature --

T(I), T(J), T(K), T(L), T(M), T(N), T(O), T(P), T(Q), T(R)

Special Features

Birth and death



SOLID232 Output Data

The solution output associated with the element is in two forms:

The element output directions are parallel to the element coordinate system. A general description of solution output is given in Solution Output in the Element Reference. See the Basic Analysis Guide for ways to view results.

The Element Output Definitions table uses the following notation:

A colon (:) in the Name column indicates that the item can be accessed by the Component Name method (ETABLE, ESOL). The O column indicates the availability of the items in the file Jobname.OUT. The R column indicates the availability of the items in the results file.

In either the O or R columns, “Y” indicates that the item is always available, a number refers to a table footnote that describes when the item is conditionally available, and “-” indicates that the item is not available.

Table 232.1:  SOLID232 Element Output Definitions

ELElement NumberYY
NODESNodes - I, J, K, L, M, N, O, PYY
MATMaterial numberYY
XC, YC, ZCLocation where results are reportedY2
TEMPTemperatures T(I), T(J), T(K), T(L), T(M), T(N), T(O), T(P), T(Q), T(R)YY
LOCOutput location (X, Y, Z)1-
EF:X, Y, Z, SUMElectric field components and vector magnitude11
JC:X, Y, Z, SUMNodal conduction current density components and vector magnitude11
JS:X, Y, Z, SUMCurrent density components (in the global Cartesian coordinate system) and vector magnitude [3]-1
JT:X, Y, Z, SUMElement conduction current density components and magnitude [3]-1
JHEAT:Joule heat generation rate per unit volume [4] [5] [6]-1
SENE:Stored electric energy [6]-1
D:X, Y, Z, SUMElectric flux density components and vector magnitude-1

  1. The solution value is output only if calculated (based upon input data). The element solution is at the centroid.

  2. Available only at centroid as a *GET item.

  3. JS represents the sum of element conduction and displacement current densities. JT represents the element conduction current density. The element displacement current density (JD) can be derived from JS and JT as JD = JS-JT. JS can be used as a source current density for a subsequent magnetostatic analysis with companion elements [LDREAD].

  4. For a time-harmonic analysis, calculated Joule heat generation rate per unit volume (JHEAT) includes conduction heating and dielectric heating due to the loss tangent.

  5. Calculated Joule heat generation rate per unit volume (JHEAT) may be made available for a subsequent thermal analysis with companion elements [LDREAD].

  6. For a time-harmonic analysis, Joule losses (JHEAT) and stored energy (SENE) represent time-average values. These values are stored in both the real and imaginary data sets.

Table 232.2: SOLID232 Item and Sequence Numbers lists output available through the ETABLE command using the Sequence Number method. See The General Postprocessor (POST1) in the Basic Analysis Guide and The Item and Sequence Number Table in this reference for more information. The following notation is used in Table 232.2: SOLID232 Item and Sequence Numbers:


output quantity as defined in the Table 232.1: SOLID232 Element Output Definitions


predetermined Item label for ETABLE command


sequence number for single-valued or constant element data

Table 232.2:  SOLID232 Item and Sequence Numbers

Output Quantity NameETABLE and ESOL Command Input

SOLID232 Assumptions and Restrictions

  • The element must not have a zero volume or a zero length side. This occurs most frequently when the element is not numbered properly. Elements may be numbered either as shown in Figure 232.1: SOLID232 Geometry or in an opposite fashion.

  • An edge with a removed midside node implies that the potential varies linearly, rather than parabolically, along that edge. See Quadratic Elements (Midside Nodes) in the Modeling and Meshing Guide for more information on the use of midside nodes.

  • This element is only compatible with elements having a VOLT degree of freedom and an electric current reaction solution. See Element Compatibility in the Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Analysis Guide) for more information.

  • The solenoidal current density is required for a solution, or for any postprocessing operations.

SOLID232 Product Restrictions

There are no product-specific restrictions for this element.

Release 18.2 - © ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.