2-D 8-Node Electric Solid

Compatible Products: – | – | – | Enterprise | Ent PP | Ent Solver | –

PLANE230 Element Description

PLANE230 is a 2-D, 8-node, current-based electric element. The element has one degree of freedom, voltage, at each node. The 8-node elements have compatible voltage shapes and are well suited to model curved boundaries.

This element is based on the electric scalar potential formulation and it is applicable to the following low frequency electric field analyses: steady-state electric conduction, time-harmonic quasistatic and transient quasistatic. See PLANE230 - 2-D 8-Node Electric Solid in the Mechanical APDL Theory Reference for more details about this element.

Figure 230.1:  PLANE230 Geometry

PLANE230 Geometry

PLANE230 Input Data

The geometry, node locations, and the coordinate system for this element are shown in Figure 230.1: PLANE230 Geometry. The element is defined by eight nodes and orthotropic material properties. The type of units (MKS or user defined) is specified through the EMUNIT command. EMUNIT also determines the value of EPZRO. The EMUNIT defaults are MKS units and EPZRO = 8.854 x 10-12 Farad/meter. A triangular-shaped element may be formed by defining the same node number for nodes K, L and O.

Orthotropic material directions correspond to the element coordinate directions. The element coordinate system orientation is as described in Coordinate Systems. Properties not input default as described in the Material Reference.

Nodal loads are defined with the D (Lab = VOLT) and F (Lab = AMPS) commands. The nodal forces, if any, should be input per unit of depth for a plane analysis and on a full 360° basis for an axisymmetric analysis.

The temperature (for material property evaluation only) body loads may be input based on their value at the element's nodes or as a single element value [BF, BFE]. In general, unspecified nodal values of temperatures default to the uniform value specified with the BFUNIF or TUNIF commands.

A summary of the element input is given in "PLANE230 Input Summary". A general description of element input is given in Element Input. For axisymmetric applications see Harmonic Axisymmetric Elements.

PLANE230 Input Summary


I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P

Degrees of Freedom


Real Constants

THK - Thickness (used only if KEYOPT(3) = 3)

Material Properties



Surface Loads


Body Loads
Temperature --

T(I), T(J), T(K), T(L), T(M), T(N), T(O), T(P)

Special Features

Birth and death


Element behavior:

0 -- 


1 -- 


3 -- 

Plane with thickness input, specified via real constant THK.

PLANE230 Output Data

The solution output associated with the element is in two forms:

Several items are illustrated in Figure 230.2: PLANE230 Output. The element output directions are parallel to the element coordinate system. A general description of solution output is given in Solution Output. See the Basic Analysis Guide for ways to view results. The element output directions are parallel to the element coordinate system as shown in Figure 230.2: PLANE230 Output.

Figure 230.2:  PLANE230 Output

PLANE230 Output

The Element Output Definitions table uses the following notation:

A colon (:) in the Name column indicates that the item can be accessed by the Component Name method (ETABLE, ESOL). The O column indicates the availability of the items in the file Jobname.OUT. The R column indicates the availability of the items in the results file.

In either the O or R columns, “Y” indicates that the item is always available, a number refers to a table footnote that describes when the item is conditionally available, and “-” indicates that the item is not available.

Table 230.1:  PLANE230 Element Output Definitions

ELElement NumberYY
NODESNodes - I, J, K, L, M, N, O, PYY
MATMaterial numberYY
XC, YCLocation where results are reportedY2
TEMPTemperatures T(I), T(J), T(K), T(L), T(M), T(N), T(O), T(P)YY
LOCOutput location (X, Y)1-
EF:X, Y, SUMElectric field components and vector magnitude11
JC:X, Y, SUMNodal conduction current density components and vector magnitude11
JS:X, Y, SUMCurrent density components

(in the global Cartesian coordinate system)

and vector magnitude [3]
JT:X, Y, SUMElement conduction current density components and magnitude [3]-1
JHEAT:Joule heat generation rate per unit volume [4] [5] [6]-1
SENE:Stored electric energy [6]-1
D:X, Y, SUMElectric flux density components and vector magnitude-1

  1. The solution value is output only if calculated (based upon input data). The element solution is at the centroid.

  2. Available only at centroid as a *GET item.

  3. JS represents the sum of element conduction and displacement current densities. JT represents the element conduction current density. The element displacement current density (JD) can be derived from JS and JT as JD = JS-JT.

  4. For a time-harmonic analysis, calculated Joule heat generation rate per unit volume (JHEAT) includes conduction heating and dielectric heating due to the loss tangent.

  5. Calculated Joule heat generation rate per unit volume (JHEAT) may be made available for a subsequent thermal analysis with companion elements [LDREAD].

  6. For a time-harmonic analysis, Joule losses (JHEAT) and stored energy (SENE) represent time-average values. These values are stored in both the real and imaginary data sets.

Table 230.2: PLANE230 Item and Sequence Numbers lists output available through the ETABLE command using the Sequence Number method. See The General Postprocessor (POST1) in the Basic Analysis Guide and The Item and Sequence Number Table in this reference for more information. The following notation is used in Table 230.2: PLANE230 Item and Sequence Numbers:


output quantity as defined in the Table 230.1: PLANE230 Element Output Definitions


predetermined Item label for ETABLE command


sequence number for single-valued or constant element data

Table 230.2:  PLANE230 Item and Sequence Numbers

Output Quantity NameETABLE and ESOL Command Input

PLANE230 Assumptions and Restrictions

PLANE230 Product Restrictions

There are no product-specific restrictions for this element.

Release 18.2 - © ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.