Creates contact elements for general contact.
Option to be performed.
Create a new general contact definition.
This option removes all existing general contact elements and generates
new elements with new section IDs. Any existing GCDEF specifications, general contact SECTYPE/SECDATA data, and general contact element types are also
removed. If no general contact elements or data exist, this option
behaves the same as
Generate general contact elements on newly added (or selected) base elements. Newly generated contact elements are assigned new Section IDs. Existing general contact elements remain with their previously assigned section IDs and element attributes. Existing GCDEF and SECTYPE/SECDATA general contact data are respected. (This is the default option.)
Select all existing general contact elements.
Angle tolerance for determining feature edges (
EdgeKEY) and general surfaces (
SplitKey). Default = 42 degrees.
Key that controls creation of general contact line and vertex elements
(CONTA177, CONTA175) on base
elements. Line elements are overlaid on feature edges of 3-D deformable bodies and on
perimeter edges of 3-D shell structures; vertex elements are overlaid on convex corners
of deformable bodies and shell structures (2-D or 3-D), and on endpoints of 3-D beam
structures. See Understanding
FeatureANGLE for an explanation of the feature
Exclude all edges and vertices (default).
Include CONTA177 elements on feature edges only.
Include CONTA177 elements on shell perimeter edges only.
Include CONTA177 elements on feature edges and shell perimeter edges.
Include CONTA175 elements on vertices only.
EdgeKey > 0 is intended to add extra
contact constraint between an edge or vertex of one surface and other 3-D surfaces. Both
edge and vertex contact always use the penalty method and only include structural
degrees of freedom (UX, UY, UZ).
GCGEN always creates
CONTA177 elements on base beam elements, regardless of the
Key that controls how section IDs and contact element type IDs are assigned to surfaces.
Assign a different section ID and
contact element type ID for every general surface of the selected
base elements (default). See Understanding
Assign a different section ID and contact element type ID for every general surface which covers a physical part. Compared to the SPLIT option, this option produces fewer unique section IDs, which can make it easier to specify interactions via GCDEF. However, it may also result in a less accurate and/or less efficient solution.
Key that controls which base elements are considered for general contact.
Use a recursive adjacency selection to obtain complete physical parts (default). This selection starts from the selected base elements, progressively adding elements adjacent to the faces of selected elements until the edge of a part is reached. Then general contact elements are generated.
Use only the initially selected base elements to generate general contact elements.
GCGEN creates general contact elements on the exterior faces of selected base elements. The base elements can be 2-D or 3-D solids, 3-D beams, 2-D shells (top and bottom), or 3-D shells (top and bottom). The contact element types can be CONTA172, CONTA174, CONTA175, and/or CONTA177, depending upon the types of base elements in the model and the specified GCGEN options. General contact elements are identified by a real constant ID equal to zero.
You can control contact interactions between specific general contact surfaces that could potentially be in contact by using the GCDEF command. See General Contact in the Contact Technology Guide for more information on the overall procedure to create general contact.
The exterior facets of the selected base solid and shell elements are divided into subsets based on the angle between the normals of neighboring faces. On a flat or smooth surface, adjacent exterior element faces have normals that are parallel or nearly parallel; that is, the angle between the adjacent normals is near zero degrees.
When the angle between the normals of two adjacent faces is
FeatureANGLE, the two faces
are considered to be on two separate surfaces (
SplitKey = SPLIT). The edge between the faces may be convex or concave. A
convex (or outside) edge is considered to be a feature edge and may
be affected by the
EdgeKEY setting. For
more information, see Feature Angle (
FeatureANGLE) in the Contact Technology Guide.