Specifies how principal and vector sums are to be calculated.

Compatible Products: – | Pro | Premium | Enterprise | Ent PP | Ent Solver | DYNA


Averaging key:



Average the component values from the elements at a common node, then calculate the principal or vector sum from the averaged components (default).



Calculate the principal or vector sum values on a per element basis, then average these values from the elements at a common node.


Effective Poisson's ratio used for computing the von Mises equivalent strain (EQV). This command option is intended for use with line elements or in load case operations (LCOPER) only; ANSYS automatically selects the most appropriate effective Poisson's ratio, as discussed below.

Command Default

Average components at common node before principal or vector sum calculation except for the von Mises equivalent strain (EQV), see below.


Selects the method of combining components for certain derived nodal results when two or more elements connect to a common node. The methods apply to the calculations of derived nodal principal stresses, principal strains, and vector sums for selects, sorts, and output [NSEL, NSORT, PRNSOL, PLNSOL, etc.].

This command also defines the effective Poisson's ratio (EFFNU) used for equivalent strain calculations. If you use EFFNU, the default effective Poisson's ratios shown below will be overridden for all elements by the EFFNU value. To return to the default settings, issue the RESET command. The default value for EFFNU is:

  • Poisson's ratio as defined on the MP commands for EPEL and EPTH

  • 0.5 for EPPL and EPCR

  • 0.5 if the referenced material is hyperelastic

  • 0.0 for line elements (includes beam, link, and pipe elements, as well as discrete elements), cyclic symmetry analysis, mode superposition analyses (with MSUPkey = YES on the MXPAND command), and load case operations (LCOPER).

For the von Mises equivalent strain (EQV), it is always computed using the average of the equivalent strains from the elements at a common node irrespective of the value of the averaging KEY. If EFFNU is input, though, the calculation will be performed according to the KEY setting.

For a random vibration (PSD) analysis, issuing either AVPRIN,0 or AVPRIN,1 calculates the principal stresses using the appropriate averaging method. They are then used to determine SEQV. The output will have non-zero values for the principal stresses.

If AVPRIN is not issued, the Segalman-Fulcher method is used to calculate SEQV. This method does not calculate principal stresses, but directly calculates SEQV from the component stresses; therefore, the output will have zero values for the principal stresses. Beam and pipe elements are excluded

This command is also valid in POST26, where applicable.

See Combined Stresses and Strains in the Mechanical APDL Theory Reference for more information.

Menu Paths

Main Menu>General Postproc>Element Table>Define Table
Main Menu>General Postproc>List Results>Nodal Solution
Main Menu>General Postproc>Options for Outp
Main Menu>General Postproc>Path Operations>Map onto Path
Main Menu>General Postproc>Path Operations>Map onto Path>FE Results
Main Menu>General Postproc>Plot Results>Contour Plot>Element Solu
Main Menu>General Postproc>Plot Results>Contour Plot>Nodal Solu
Utility Menu>List>Results>Nodal Solution
Utility Menu>List>Results>Options
Utility Menu>Plot>Results>Contour Plot>Elem Solution
Utility Menu>Plot>Results>Contour Plot>Nodal Solution
Utility Menu>PlotCtrls>Multi-Plot Contrls

Release 18.2 - © ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.